#data commons

The Data Commons is our vision of data governance that advances commons-based approaches: those that are based not on private control but collective stewardship and public interest.

The Data Commons approach seeks to address power imbalances between data subjects and entities that hold and use the data. It aims at maximizing societal value of data, instead of simply maximizing the volume and intensity of data use.

Our goal is to support the development of policies that support this vision. The creation of the Data Commons will be enabled by policies that support data use in the public interest, so that society-wide and not just private benefits are obtained. This includes the need for governance models where users’ privacy and data protection are safeguarded while data can be used, and generate value.

Our Data Commons work focuses on policies that fall under the current European Strategy for Data. We advocate for public interest provisions in policy files like the Digital Governance Act and the Data Act.


 

Posts

Data Act impact assessment fails to grasp societal value of data

April 28, 2022 by: Alek Tarkowski
Alek finds that the impact of the proposed Data Act was assessed based solely on economic cost-benefit analysis. Important provisions on Business-to-Government (B2G) data sharing were evaluated without any methods for assessing societal value.

Four questions for the European strategy for data

April 12, 2022 by: Francesco Vogelezang
This note assesses the interconnectedness of the GDPR respectively with the Data Governance Act and Data Act, shedding light on the different inconsistencies between the two acts and the GDPR that risk hindering the overarching objective of the European strategy for data.

Care, not extraction A Conversation with Anna Mazgal and Alejandro Mayoral Banos

March 29, 2022 by: Open Future
For our sixth Open Future Session, we invited Anna Mazgal, Senior EU Policy Advisor at Wikimedia DE, and Alejandro Mayoral Baños, activist and Director of the Indigenous Friends Association (IFA), to talk about online "care protocols" and how the open movement addresses the harms perpetrated in the platform ecosystem. 

Introducing our Policy Observatory Tracking policy files to advance openness and contribute to a digital public space

March 15, 2022 by: Open Future
We are launching a Policy Observatory to track the policy files that have the potential to advance openness and to contribute to a digital public space, maximizing the societal benefits of shared data, knowledge and culture.

Interoperability in current policy files A key design principle of the European data economy

March 11, 2022 by: Francesco Vogelezang
This research note provides a closer look at the EU legislative initiatives implementing data interoperability within the European Strategy for Data.

A closer look at data intermediaries and the risk of platformization

March 1, 2022 by: Francesco Vogelezang
The Data Governance Act risks leading to the growth of for-profit data intermediation services and centralizing market power even further. One way to avoid this is to provide stronger support for commons-based data governance.

A first look at the Data Act Interoperability, Access to Data and Data Sharing in the public interest

February 23, 2022 by: Paul Keller
Open Future reviewed the proposal for a Data Act released by the European Commission on 23 February and published three briefs on the issues of Interoperability, Access to Data and B2G Data Sharing in the public interest.

Exploring design solutions for AI_Commons When users’ biometric data becomes open content

February 18, 2022 by: Francesco Vogelezang
As part of the AI_Commons research activity, Open Future partnered with Aniek Kampeneers to investigate how design concepts for consent practices can provide an added layer of protection for users’ privacy in the online sphere.

Welcoming Jan J. Zygmuntowski as an Open Future fellow

February 3, 2022 by: Open Future
Jan J. Zygmuntowski is Open Future's Data Commons Fellow, working on institutional designs for governing data as a commons. Through this fellowship, we are also bringing economic expertise to our organization.

Rethinking value in data sharing for B2G in the public interest What to expect from the upcoming Data Act?

January 28, 2022 by: Francesco Vogelezang
The value and use stemming from data sharing are conceptualized around a market logic, despite the collective societal benefits derived from society-wide access. The Data Act offers an opportunity to change this by attributing a public interest function to data sharing between the private and public sector.

Council and Parliament find provisional agreement on the Data Governance Act

December 9, 2021 by: Open Future
An overview of the main elements and improvements in the provisional agreement on the Data Governance Act reached by the European Council and the European Parliament on 30 November 2021.

Publications

Data Act: Business to Government Data Sharing

February 23, 2022 by: Francesco Vogelezang et al.
Policy brief on the provisions dealing with Business to Government Data Sharing in the European Commissions proposal for a Data Act that was published on 23 February 2022.

Data Act: Interoperability and Data Sharing Services

February 23, 2022 by: Alek Tarkowski et al.
Policy brief on the provisions dealing with Interoperability and Data Sharing services in the European Commissions proposal for a Data Act that was published on 23 February 2022.

Data act: Access to Data

February 23, 2022 by: Paul Keller et al.
Policy brief on the provisions dealing with Access to Data and Data Portability in the European Commissions proposal for a Data Act that was published on 23 February 2022.

The argument against property rights in data Ensuring access to data though non-exclusive access rights.

December 10, 2021 by: Alek Tarkowski et al.
In this policy brief we review the EU policy debate on access and use of data in view of the upcoming Data Act. We provide arguments against the introduction of new property rights–including the sui generis database right–in favor of strengthening data access rights.

Proposal to leverage Article 17 to build a public repository of Public Domain and openly licensed works.

September 21, 2021 by: Paul Keller
White-paper on how to to leverage Article 17 of the Copyright in the Digital Single Market directive to build a public repository of Public Domain and openly licensed works.

The Data Governance Act: Five opportunities for the Data Commons

June 23, 2021 by: Francesco Vogelezang et al.
In this policy brief, we present five issues related to the proposal for the Data Governance Act (DGA) that are crucial to achieve the policy goal of building Data Commons in the European Union.

Events

May 25, 2022

Is a EU data strategy balancing economic efficiency and fundamental rights possible?

May 18, 2022
On 25 May at the CPDP Annual conference, Alek will join a panel to discuss what are the potential points of conflict between economic growth from data and fundamental rights values within the European data governance framework.
March 7, 2022

Mozilla Festival 2022: Exploring Design solutions for AI_Commons

March 4, 2022
On Monday 7 March at 19:00 CET, Francesco and Aniek Kempeneers co-hosted a session dedicated to AI_Commons at Mozilla Festival 2022.
September 21, 2021

Protecting Open Licenses in the EU Copyright Reform at CC Global Summit 2021

December 1, 2021
Presentation of the White Paper: "Proposal to Leverage Art.17 of CDSM Directive to build a public repository of Public Domain and openly licensed works"
September 22, 2021

AI_Commons at CC Global Summit 2021

December 1, 2021
Discussing with the broad Open Movement how to reconcile Open licensing and AI training
November 18, 2021

MyData in the Netherlands

August 30, 2021
At MyData in the Netherlands, we co-hosted with Waag the workshop: "A closer look at data governance and the European data strategy: the Data Governance Act & the Data Act", during which we analyzed the EC's Inception Impact Assessment Document.
September 20, 2021

Rethink Design

August 24, 2021
DCODE Summer School 2021: Introducing DCODE challenges, outlining new design ideals for our digital future, and setting the ground for a shared vocabulary.
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